Receding gums are a periodontal disorder that affects many people today. Often the results of gingival recession and various pathologies that can result to the total loss of the teeth over time.
Therefore, receding gums often have profound impacts, both aesthetically and psychologically. Today, dental surgery makes it possible to treat this problem successfully.
Receding gums: what are they?
The receding gums, also called gingival recession, are attributed to a gradual decline in gingival tissue. Gradually, the base of the tooth will become apparent and the teeth will appear longer.
Too much retraction of the gingiva can result in a lossening of the teeth and permanent loss since when gingival recession takes place, there is also a loss of bone under the gum.
When the teeth are loose, periodontium can no longer secure the dental fixation. The periodontium is made of various tissues that all play a role in the preservation of the teeth: the alveolar bone, the cementum, the gum and the alveolar-dental ligament.
Receding gums: what are the causes?
The gum protects the root of the teeth and the alveolar bone that keeps them at the jaw level. The finer it is, the more vulnerable it is to future attacks. As a consequence, several factors can result in gum receding:
- Ageing: with age, the gum is less well irrigated and ends up being slimmed and receding. Gingival recession is more common in adults over the age of forty, but the process may start as early as puberty.
- Inadequate brushing: brushing too vigorously or using the wrong technique can damage tooth enamel and irritate gingival tissue.
- Poor oral hygiene: irregular or ineffective teeth brushing facilitates the presence of bacteria (plaque) in the mouth. This can lead to periodontal disease that promotes gum infection and attacks the underlying bone.
- Some habits: nail biting, teeth grinding (bruxism), chewing gum, etc. can ultimately have an adverse effect on the thickness of the gums and cause them to shrink.
- Piercings: a piercing of the tongue or lip can irritate the gum until it breaks down.
- Smoking: nicotine, also associated with poor oral hygiene, influences the thickness of the gums.
Receding gums: preventing them
Loss of teeth may have profound consequences for your physical and psychological well-being, so if you experience the first signs of receding gums, it's best not to ignore them and consult your dentist.
You'll need to make an appointment with a dentist when you notice symptoms of receding gums, such as:
- The presence of tiny gaps between teeth;
- Hypersensitivity of the teeth, particularly with regard to temperature fluctuations, sweet foods or even touching.
- The bleeding or inflammation of the gums
- Bad breath
- Tooth roots are easily visible
- A modified smile where the teeth appear longer than before.