Even if tattoo is still considered to be a permanent mark, there are now innovations in esthetic medicine that have made it possible to develop treatments to remove tattoos. Both men and women, all skin tones and all parts of the body can profit from the removal of pigments.
What is tattoo removal?
A tattoo is an ornamental or symbolic drawing on the skin. Tattoos are especially coveted for their definitive and permanent qualities.
Traditionally, tattoos are applied directly to the skin with Chinese ink, charcoal or tallow. Today, tattoo experts mainly use industrial pigments. This colored pigment is incorporated into the skin between the epidermis and the dermis with the needle. The dye is deep enough in the skin, approximately 1 to 4 mms, to remain permanent.
Sometimes people don't want a tattoo anymore, or the design has changed over the years (burns, deformations, etc.). Thanks to aesthetic medicine it is possible to remove a tattoo almost completely.
Tattoo removal: Guidelines
The aim of tattoo removal is to destroy the artificial pigment in the skin. Consequently, the removal of tattoos cannot be applied to a tattoo that is in the process of healing, i.e. less than 3 months. Removal of tattoo is most successful when the tattoo is more than 10 years old.
Tattoo removal is effective when the tattoo is not too deep, as the laser can more easily reach the artificial pigment present in the skin. Moreover , the results are widely visible when the tattoos are all of the same color or monochrome, preferably black. It is possible to remove colored tattoos, but it require more time. Remember that the laser is destroying the dark pigment.
The results of the tattoo removal are optimal when the tattoo is on a smooth surface (torso, thigh or side of the body). If the tattoo is placed on the limb (leg or arm), the laser sessions are then doubled to avoid creating compression or swelling around the limb that could result in vascular complications.
It is important to note that tattoo removal is not advised if the patient is pregnant or breast-feeding. If tanning, marks are noticeable or when the patient is taking photosensitizing medication.
Removal of tattoo is a treatment prescribed under the supervision of a specialist physician.
Tattoo removal: Available treatments
Tattoo removal removes pigments from the skin using a laser. By generating a beam of light onto the tattoo, the colored pigment of the skin is directly attracted to it. When the laser comes into contact with the industrial pigment, a thermal reaction happens and the pigment is burned. The tattoo immediately turns white. This is a sign of the onset of the edema, which disappears a few days later, and the tattoo reappears, but more blurred.
Several sessions are needed before the final results are achieved. There are about 6 to 10 sessions on average. The number of sessions will be higher for tattoos over 30 centimetres.